Mont Saint Michel!
Confession and Sin
Catholic: The Church believes that with proper confession, baptism, and penitence, a person may be cleaned of sin. Some in the Church (particularly the Jesuit order) tend to give light penance (often little more than saying a certain number of Hail Marys). Such simple penance remains sufficient, in most clerics' views, for minor transgressions. However, when very serious sins are committed (murder, adultery, idolatry, betrayal) most Catholic confessors will prescribe more serious penance. One confessor might ask a thief to donate to the church; another confessor might prescribe 5 years in servitude to the Church for one who had consorted with spirits; another confessor might instruct a murderer to devote his life to raising the orphan of his victim. The Catholic Church also issues Indulgences -- writs by the pope, entitling one to forgiveness for a specific sin which might be necessary for the security of the State.
Protestant: Persons are innately sinful, and may only be cleaned of sin at God's will. Many Protestants are happy to help this process along, though; exacting public confessions and penance, so that the sinner may have an easier path to receiving God's grace. The common use of Indulgences was one of the factors motivating the Protestant Reformation; all Protestants abhor the notion of buying and selling God's forgiveness.
Catholic: In order to share in the act of Creation, and be more like God, God allows us each a measure of Free Will, with which we may chose to accept or reject His teachings.
Protestant: All things are the will of God. Even the sinner sins because it is God's will.
Catholic: The liturgy should remain in the language of the mother church (Latin, occasional Greek and Hebrew). The learned priest may then interpret the word of God for the people.
Protestant: Each person should interpret the gospel for him or her self. To this end, the sacraments should be given in the language common to the area, and translations of the bible made available.
Catholic: Divorce is not allowed except in one, very particular instance; when a heathen couple marries and, later, one partner converts to Christianity, a divorce is allowed (the new Christian has been reborn). A priest should remain celibate, and should not marry; however, marriage is preferable to sex without marriage, so some priests do marry (usually only parish priests).
Protestant: Under certain circumstances, divorce is allowable. A priest should be allowed to marry.
Catholic: The Pope is infallible, and speaks for God on Earth.
Protestant: God speaks to people through revelation; He has no need for an Earthly spokesman.
Relations with the state
Catholic: The state and the church are separate. Each serves God in its own way. The two have separate and distinct hierarchies in order that the aims of each might be better served.
Protestant: The church should be subservient to the state. The entire people, as represented by their government, should be Christian and worship God. With a Christian populace, the church should serve god through the state.
Catholic: The Catholic church has long accepted the elevation of Saints by a sort of popular will, or consensus. However, over the past twenty years or so, the process of elevation to Sainthood has been centralized and formalized in the Vatican. Now, miracles and faith must be proven for beatification (in a debate between the would-be saint's proponents and the Devil's advocate), and further miracles for sainthood, before the Pope will recognize a saint.
Protestant: Most Protestants do _not_ like the polytheism associated with Sainthood. However, this view is not universal. The Anglican church continues to support the concept of popular Sainthood; though some of the Roundheads and Puritans (English Protestant radicals) object strenuously.
See what Martin Luther has to say!
This game is a Subterranean Homesick Games production.